The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 2016 has been awarded this year to Yoshinori Ohsumi for his discoveries on the mechanisms of autophagy.
Autophagy is when a cell destroys its own contents and effectively recycles itself. This mechanism has been very difficult to capture, and therefore little progress has been made in understanding the core physiology behind this concept.
Ohsumi’s work that has been going on since the late 1980s means that he has managed to identify the first genes essential for autophagy in a human cell, and outline the cascade of proteins and protein complexes that lead to the autophagy as a response to external stresses faced by a cell such as starvation and viral infection.
This news should be insightful to anyone doing Medicine, Biological Sciences, Biomedicine or Biochemistry. All the students of the mentioned subjects can look at how gene encoding works, why a cell would want to destroy itself, and looking in deeper detail into the internal compartments of a cell. Given that the initial experiments were carried out by Ohsumi on yeast cells, students can look at why yeast cells are commonly used as the model cells for cell behaviour, and how they are similar to human cells.
- Pooling: Fast Facts You may have heard people talk about “pooling”, or maybe... Read more >
- Download a History & English Personal Statement “Evidently reading is a major passion and Graham Greene has... Read more >
- International Application Calendar Keeping on top of the various deadlines and decisions when... Read more >
- Course By Course Fact Sheet This helpful guide sets out by course what grades you... Read more >
- University Admissions Tests: How Would You Reply? Here we have a few questions and answers to sample... Read more >
- Bursaries Both Oxford and Cambridge are committed to the principle that... Read more >
- Is Oxbridge right for me? Have you asked yourself why you are planning to apply... Read more >
- MAT overview If you’re applying for Maths or Computer Science at Oxford you will need... Read more >
- Funding Your Oxbridge Degree Many people are under the impression that it is more... Read more >
- English: answer like a pro We have a lot of questions year on year from... Read more >
- Oxford or Cambridge? Many applicants know that they want the best, but when... Read more >
- UCAT mini mock paper & answers If you are applying for Medicine or Dentistry, many of... Read more >
- Cambridge’s Supplementary Application Questionnaire After you have submitted your UCAS application to apply to... Read more >
- College selection checklist Your college at Oxford or Cambridge is where you will... Read more >
- Personal Statement Workbook Download A personal statement is a unique document which is all... Read more >
- Law: answer like a pro Law is a notoriously competitive subject; this, along with the... Read more >
- For Your Reference: Admissions Test Factfiles The majority of Oxford courses, and an increasing number of... Read more >
- ELAT overview If you’re applying for English, or its joint schools, you... Read more >
- Cambridge Language Test mini mock paper & answers Many Cambridge colleges require applicants for Modern Languages to sit... Read more >
- Maths Puzzle: The Age of Census A census-taker knocks on a door, and asks the woman... Read more >
- What Results Do You Need In Your Exams? At the heart of every Oxbridge offer is an excellent... Read more >
- PAT overview If you’re applying for Physics, Materials or a relevant joint... Read more >
- The OA School’s Magazine: Issue 1 Last year, Oxbridge Applications launched its first ever Schools’ Magazine,... Read more >
- LNAT overview If you’re applying for Law at Oxford you will need to sit... Read more >